Heavy metal casting industry

CASE STUDY: HEAVY METAL CASTING

TESTING OF WALL THICKNESSES OF AN EXHAUST MANIFOLD. 

Chal­lenge:

The exhaust man­i­fold is one of the most heav­i­ly loaded com­po­nents of an engine. For this rea­son, the actu­al and desired con­di­tion of the wall thick­ness should be com­pared. Only with a suf­fi­cient wall thick­ness can the man­i­fold with­stand the shock-like inflow of exhaust gas­es and the result­ing pres­sure front, as well as the many heat­ing and cool­ing cycles in the long term. 

Poten­tial consequences:

The notch effect of blow­holes can cause a crack in the man­i­fold. Par­tial break­throughs can also occur if the wall thick­ness is too small. This leads to a change in the pres­sure con­di­tions in the man­i­fold, which reduces engine per­for­mance and, at the same time, increas­es fuel con­sump­tion. In addi­tion, there is a high noise lev­el from the direc­tion of the engine and a clear­ly per­cep­ti­ble exhaust smell in the interior.

Advan­tages of a CT inspection:

Fast and auto­mat­ic detec­tion of rel­e­vant qual­i­ty defects 

Avoid­ance of scrap refinement 

Detec­tion of defect focal points through sta­tis­ti­cal eval­u­a­tion of the results.

Case study heavy metal casting crack in a manifold
Crack in a manifold

Other industries we work with: 

Ask us about CT scanning for your company! 

    Data protection
    Automated inspection of hairpins

    Challenge:

    The stability of the hairpin joint is crucial for the reliability of electrically powered vehicles. Laser welding can be carried out according to different principles. However, this can affect the quality of the joint by process fluctuations resulting in undesired deviations.

    Possible consequences:
    Due to ambiguity in the quality of joints, high
    failure rates can occur.

    Advantages of a CT inspection:

    • Quality feedback within minutes
    • Statistically evaluable results thanks to Microvista's automatic analysis: 40 stators/day inspected
    • Only 165 €/part including an informative report.
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    Pore analysis of a cylinder head

    Challenge:

    In order to achieve the highest possible ranges as well as low emissions, lightweight construction continues to be a primary goal in vehicle construction, regardless of the type of drive. Light metal casting is characterised by its ability to produce complex parts with a high degree of automation and recyclability. However, high technological demands are placed on the components, including mechanical load-bearing capacity under more complex stresses and simultaneous mass reduction.

    Potential consequences:

    A cylinder with poor quality leads to damage to the cooling system and ultimately to engine failure.

     

    Advantages of a CT inspection:

    • Visualisation of pores in the cylinder head and colour classification of the pores according to their volume is possible.
    •  The exact position of each pore and thus the potential risk it poses can be determined.
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    Testing of wall thicknesses of an exhaust manifold.

    Challenge:

    The exhaust manifold is one of the most heavily loaded components of an engine. For this reason, the actual and desired condition of the wall thickness should be compared. Only with a sufficient wall thickness can the manifold withstand the shock-like inflow of exhaust gases and the resulting pressure front, as well as the many heating and cooling cycles in the long term.  

    Possible consequences of undetected deviations:

    The notch effect of blowholes can cause a crack in the manifold. Partial breakthroughs can also occur if the wall thickness is too small. This leads to a change in the pressure conditions in the manifold, which reduces engine performance and, at the same time, increases fuel consumption. In addition, there is a high noise level from the direction of the engine and a clearly perceptible exhaust smell in the interior.

    Advantages of a CT inspection:

    • Fast and automatic detection of relevant quality defects 
    • Avoidance of scrap refinement 
    • Detection of defect focal points through statistical evaluation of the results.
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    CT Scan exposing a burnt pores in aluminium wheel
    Assembly inspection of lithium-ion batteries.

    Challenge:

    Due to production or assembly errors, the contact, insulation and electrolyte foil is damaged in some batteries.

    Possible consequences:

    A short circuit can be the result. This can lead to a high thermal reaction of the electrolyte. The resulting outgassing causes the battery to swell externally. Inflated, deformed, outgassed lithium-containing batteries can lead to explosions and fires.

    Advantages of CT testing:

    • Dismantling of batteries in small devices is not necessary for the test. The devices can therefore be used immediately after the test
    • By sorting out defective batteries, higher quality can be guaranteed, and prevention against legal disputes and negative press in case of a fire can be operated
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    CT Scan exposing a burnt out battery
    Comprehensive inspection of an aluminium wheel carrier with complex bionic structure.

    Challenge:

    Additive manufacturing requires carefully set process parameters that are optimised in iterative steps during the product development process. Fast and comprehensive feedback on product quality is of paramount importance for shortening the development phase.

    Possible consequences of undetected defects:

    Missing and insufficiently validated process quality can result in high reject rates. Especially with regard to safety-relevant parts of the chassis, additional risks arise that can lead to component failure and create the risk of an accident.

    Advantages of CT inspection:

    • Shortened development cycles
    • Addressing risks identified by FMEA
    • Reduction of required expensive prototypes through non-destructive testing for a variety of features.
    Comprehensive inspection of an aluminium wheel carrier with complex bionic structure.

    Challenge:

    Additive manufacturing requires carefully set process parameters that are optimised in iterative steps during the product development process. Fast and comprehensive feedback on product quality is of paramount importance for shortening the development phase.

    Possible consequences of undetected defects:

    Missing and insufficiently validated process quality can result in high reject rates. Especially with regard to safety-relevant parts of the chassis, additional risks arise that can lead to component failure and create the risk of an accident.

    Advantages of CT inspection:

    • Shortened development cycles
    • Addressing risks identified by FMEA
    • Reduction of required expensive prototypes through non-destructive testing for a variety of features.
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    A CT scan of insulation foam
    Assembly inspection of medical devices

    Challenge:

    To detect malfunctions, damage or collisions that cannot be traced after disassembly of the medical device. 

    Possible consequences:

    Blockages can cause some devices to malfunction during use.

    Advantages of a CT scan:
    Complete digitisation takes place without the application of force during the measurement, which makes it possible to measure, analyse as well as subsequently process filigree and soft components. The inspection takes place quickly and reliably in the assembled state. During the evaluation, the movements in the component can be recorded, whereby the blockage can be found.

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    A CT scan of XXX XXX